Distinguished Gentleman General Edmond Allenby

Led the Egyptian Expeditionary Force to victory in Palestine and Syria in 1917 and 1918. He successfully pioneered the combined use of infantry, cavalry and aeroplanes at the Battle of Megiddo. His nickname was “The Bull”.

British General Edmund Allenby
British General Edmund Allenby

Allenby (1861-1936) was commissioned into the 6th Dragoons in 1881, serving in South Africa before returning to Britain to attend Staff College. By 1898 he was a brigade-major with the 3rd Cavalry Brigade. During the Boer War (1899-1902) he served with General French’s Cavalry Division, earning himself a reputation as a bold and resourceful commander, particularly during the anti-guerrilla operations.

Allenby returned home in 1902 to command the 5th Royal Irish Lancers. Promoted to brigadier-general, Allenby assumed command of the 4th Cavalry Brigade in 1905. In 1909 he was promoted to major-general and appointed Inspector-General of Cavalry. During this period he encouraged a re-assessment of the cavalry’s role in modern warfare, steering a path between the traditionalists and those who favored the use of mounted infantry.

British General Edmund Allenby
British General Edmund Allenby

During World War One (1914-18) Allenby came into a feud with Field Marshal Haig, whose judgements he had ceased to trust. At Arras (April-May 1917), his forces failed to exploit a breakthrough and he was replaced by General Byng.

Allenby took command of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) in June 1917 and set about improving its organization, efficiency and discipline. He also embarked on morale-boosting visits to the front, something his predecessor had neglected. Allenby also encouraged irregular warfare, increasing support for Colonel T. E. Lawrence’s revolt. These changes revitalized the campaign. Victory during the 3rd Battle of Gaza (October-November 1917) was followed by the capture of Jerusalem (December 1917), an event that made him a national hero. The need to reinforce the Western Front during the German Spring Offensive meant that Allenby lacked the troops necessary to push on, but in August 1918 enough men had arrived to resume the offensive. Victory at Megiddo (September 1918) secured the decisive break through and the EEF quickly advanced, taking Damascus and Aleppo, before the Turks sued for peace in October 1918.

Made a field marshal in 1919, he remained in the Middle East as High Commissioner for Egypt and Sudan until 1925. Allenby was often abrupt with his subordinates and a stickler for presentation and discipline; traits that combined with his physical stature led people to nickname him ‘The Bull’. Nevertheless, he can be regarded as one of the most successful commanders of the war, using strategies in Palestine that he developed from his experiences in South Africa and on the Western Front. His leadership at Megiddo in particular, with its skillful series of maneuverings and use of aeroplanes, artillery, infantry and cavalry, is considered by many to be a forerunner of the German ‘Blitzkrieg’ tactics of 1939-40.

Other historical articles

  1. Church of All Nations The History of the Christian Churches in Israel - An article about the history of the Christian churches in Israel. Because there are so many different groups of Christian churches, and Israel is seen as the central place for Christianity, they are all represented in this land. And because Israel is a democracy with the freedom of religion, and the churches choose to stay autonomous, who all share the holy places in the Holy Land, its history is long and complex.
  2. Why is Israel so unique? - No other country in the world has any history comparable as that of the lands of Israel, none! It makes this lands, where "rivers of blood streamed through its fields, hundreds of thousands wept, loss of lives was indescribable", an unique place, where conflict ruled for thousands of years, over and over again, never ending. In all of its history, all invading civilizations left something behind in Israel and when you look now, you see those civilizations still exist, living within the peoples and in this amazing, unique country.
  3. Distinguished Gentleman General Edmond Allenby - Led the Egyptian Expeditionary Force to victory in Palestine and Syria in 1917 and 1918. He successfully pioneered the combined use of infantry, cavalry and aeroplanes at the Battle of Megiddo. His nickname was "The Bull".
  4. Russian Compound - About 100 years ago, the Russian Compound served the needs of Russian pilgrims to the Holy Land, many of whom stayed in its hostels. That was good while it lasted; however, when World War I broke out, the Ottoman authorities expelled the Russians. Then, when the British captured the city, they used the area for various administrative offices.
  5. Metula, is it British or French? Or maybe it’s a Swiss Alpine? - Situated at the Galilee’s northernmost tip, this picturesque, hilltop village – surrounded on three sides by Lebanon – was founded in 1896 with help from the French branch of the Rothschild family. In 1920 its location played a crucial role in the decision to include the Galilee Panhandle in the British Mandate of Palestine rather than the French Mandate of Lebanon. Today, the economy is based on tourists in the mood for a Swiss alpine vibe and on fruit orchards growing apples, pears, peaches, nectarines, apricots, kiwifruit and lychees.
  6. Jericho, the Ancient City, where Time Stood Still - Local authorities proudly call Jericho the ‘world’s oldest continuously inhabited city' and this is no idle boast – archaeological evidence traces the city’s history back over 10,000 years. When you visit Jericho, you will notice that it's not much changed since that time! Earthquakes proved Jericho's biggest challenge, leveling some of its most fantastic sites – such as Hisham's Palace – over the centuries. Jericho has modernized somewhat since the Canaanite period, but not much. Small-scale farming still makes up a significant portion of the local economy, although tourism is making inroads. The town is rather scruffy and unkempt but retains a raffish charm and a smiley demeanor. Most visitors just stay long enough to ascend the Mount of Temptation and marvel at the archaeological remains of Tel al-Sultan (Ancient Jericho).
  7. Tiberias-Hammat (hot springs) - Tiberias has been famed as a spa center since the Roman period, and its hot springs are as popular now as they were then. After you've finished having a soak, catch up on some history by visiting the fourth-century synagogue next door with its well-preserved, richly-patterned mosaic floor. The mosaic betrays the influence of Hellenistic and Roman culture even on pious Jews during this period with the central portion depicting the sun god Helios surrounded by the signs of the zodiac.
  8. Battle of Megiddo - The Battle of Megiddo was fought from 19 to 25 September 1918. It was the climactic battle of the Sinai and Palestine campaign of World War One (1914-18). German and Ottoman forces under the command of Otto Liman von Sanders and Mustafa Kemal found themselves encircled by Entente (British Empire, French, and Hejaz Arab) forces under ingenuous General Edmund Allenby.
  9. Battles through time at the Valley of Ayalon - Historically and archeologically, this 40 sq km. (15 sq.mi.) valley is a very important area. A tour in the valley is a succession of stories about biblical, historical and modern events and battles over the two traditional roads to Jerusalem.
  10. I don’t want Jerusalem … I just want eggs! - A funny and true story of the attempted surrender of Jerusalem to the British armed forces by the Ottoman forces in 1917, December 9th.
  11. Abandoned Historical Elizabeth Hotel in Tiberias - In 1929, Hotel Feingold (later named Elizabeth Hotel) was officially opened with 80 guest rooms and a theater and a cinema. The inauguration party of the Elizabeth Theater was the colorful event of the decade in Tiberias, and maybe throughout the duration of the British mandate that time. Jews and Arabs, religious leaders and the senior leadership of the mandatory power came to see this beautiful and luxurious hotel. Today the building is almost a wreck.
  12. Meir Park - This park is a sanctuary of greenery in the busy bustling city. Located on the central and noisy King George Street just off Dizengoff Center, Gan Meir is one of the most popular havens for children, dogs and people, who are tired from the city's white buildings and honking cars (sadly, the "white city" has rather gray buildings mostly). There is also a lovely little pond covered with Water Lilies of all different kinds. It doesn't really resemble Monet's paintings, but it's very nice and relaxing nevertheless.
  13. People in Jerusalem Gallery - This is a gallery of black-white images about people in Jerusalem. People, who you meet and see when you're in Jerusalem, filling the streets, houses and shops of the old, ancient city. In their blood streams the blood of their forefathers, the blood of those living here and surroundings thousands of years ago.
  14. Too romantic for words - When we entered our room, the Presidential Suite, it simply took our breath away. A striking blend of old world charm and modern luxury, it felt like stepping back in time while enjoying the most modern amenities. Not only did this 38 sq.m. room offer marvelous panoramic views of the Mediterranean Sea, but it was also beautifully decorated with marble floors, leather upholstered chairs, a writing desk, LCD TV and a king-size bed covered with Egyptian cotton sheets and goose down comforters and pillows.
  15. School for the Bedouin children - The School for the Bedouin children - the structure of the Bedouin children school build at 1906. the Turkish build it at the effort to closeness to the Bedouin population. but the building used as school short time inasmuch as at the war war 1 time which began 8 year afterward the building turned to use as army hospital of the Turkish army. Today the building under construction. bus nr. 13 you ask to get done at Southern Command. Don't photo the army base !!!!!!!!!!
  16. Eilat, the Pearl of the Red Sea - Eilat is a very popular tourist destination for local and international tourists from all over the world. It's home to 48,946 people, has in average 360 sunny days a year. Temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F) in summer, and 21 °C (70 °F) in winter, while water temperatures range between 20 and 26 °C (68 and 79 °F). That and the beaches, coral reef, nightlife and desert landscapes make it a popular destination for all tourists.
  17. Orthodox Churches in Israel - A post about Russian-Orthodox churches in Israel, which is being used to create Orthodox tours. These collection of churches is interesting, because they are so unbelievable beautiful with a rich history.
  18. 120-Minute Walk around the Old City Walls - The Old City of Jerusalem may occupy a relatively small area geographically, but its compactness and uneven topography make it a frequently confusing place to explore. One good way to gain an overview is to take to the ramparts and view the crush of alleys, domes and towers from the top of the walls that enclose them. Visitors can walk along two sections of wall: from Jaffa Gate clockwise to St Stephen’s Gate, and from Jaffa Gate anti-clockwise to the Dung Gate. The section between St Stephen’s Gate and the Dung Gate is closed to the public. Many steep flights of steps mean that this is not a walk for the elderly or infirm.
  19. Jerusalem – Holy City for Billions all over the World - Jerusalem is seen as a Holy City by billions of people all over the world. For the Jews, this city is the city King David made capital of his kingdom and where the temple stood with the Ark of the Covenant. For Christians, it's where Christ died, buried and resurrected from the death. For the Muslims it's holy because they believe Muhammad ascended to heaven from the Temple Mount.
  20. Day Tour Jerusalem - This tour is for any visitors to Jerusalem (or locals). This tour will bring you to all the important and well-known touristic sights the Jerusalem has to offer. The tour is designed for the individual, as for groups, with or without a professional guide.
  21. Lebanese Clotted Cream with Dulche de Leche & Caramelized Bananas - Many people in the Middle East, who grew up on a farm made their own clotted cream, but for those who not, they can buy it in the supermarket. This creamy treat, loosely based on a popular dessert known as layali Lubnan (or Lebanese nights), uses a version made by adding cornflour/cornstarch, which is easier to prepare.
  22. Ramallah and Al-Bireh - Ramallah (the name means God’s Mountain) and Al-Bireh were once separate villages, but now make up one urban conglomerate, a mere 10km north of Jerusalem. Though Al-Bireh’s history can be traced back to the Canaanites, Ramallah was only settled by Christians in the 1500s, and these days is a bustling, cosmopolitan city, with a thriving art scene and vibrant nightlife.
  23. Hamat Hanegev Wine Route - In recent years the number of vineyards in the valleys and hills between Mitzpe Ramon and Be'er Sheva has grown significantly. These vineyards mark the first attempts to nurture grapes in the desert since the ancient Nabataeans made wine at Shivta and Avdat. Using innovative computerized watering methods (eg drip irrigation), today's winegrowers have converted arid areas of dust into fertile land.
  24. Two days in Tsfat (Safed) - This is an article to spend your time in Tsfat, but instead of visiting this town for a couple of hours (like with most of the organized tours do), you spend two days at this ethereal place. Here I describe why and how. Here I talk about all the sights, neighborhoods, hotels, restaurants, prices, tips, entertainment, history, everything to make it possible to have your own tour without a guide. This is guide inside information shared with you.
  25. Lydda or Lod - Lydda, on the Plain of Sharon where Peter healed Aeneas, was home to one of the earliest Christian communities in the Holy Land (Acts 9:32). The news of the paralytic Aeneas walking again would have spread quickly from this town because of its location on the region’s central highway, the Via Maris.
  26. Hill of Evil Counsel - The Hill of Evil Counsel, just south of Jerusalem's Old City, is an important stop on any Christian tour. The hilltop here is covered with pleasant, shaded paths and offers views of scripturally significant locations in every direction. Today it's a mixed Jewish and Arab neighborhood in Jerusalem with the name Abu Tor, which means "Father of the Bull" in Arabic, referring to an officer in Saladin's army in 1187, which accompanied Saladin on a bull.
  27. Turkish train station - The Turkish train station - at the war war 1 the Turkish cooperation with the German in exertion to conquest Egypt. at the frame of war exertion they built railroad track which lead from Damascus to Beer Sheva.
  28. Tel Aviv - Tel Aviv is the so called White City and with reason. To tell you a secret, when you are in Tel Aviv, there is not much white to see, but when you arrive by plane and fly over Tel Aviv, you understand why the city is called White City.
  29. A brief History of Israel – for the visiting Tourist - Looking at this history, nobody can claim ownership of these lands, because there are so many civilizations who can claim the same, it's not normal anymore. The Canaan ruled here for more then 4,000 years, Israelites 613 years, Persians for 207 years, Romans for 350 years, Ottoman
  30. Sea of Galilee - Sea of Galilee is many things, but first it's a lake. Secondly, for Israel it's its chief water reservoir and important tourist attraction. Thirdly, for the Christians it's the place, where Jesus walked along its shores and performed multiple miracles, recruited four fishermen as his first disciples and was the center of his ministry.
  31. Jordan River - The Jordan river runs along the eastern border of the Holy Land; it holds a special in the history of Israel, because it's important for the Jews and Christians.
  32. How to Take Jerusalem from the Turks Peacefully - General Edmond Allenby was a devoted Christian who read his bible on a daily basis, and he had the task to take Jerusalem from the Turkish army without destroying anything from Jerusalem. He took his bible and implemented what was said at Isaiah 31:5 "As birds flying, so will the Lord of hosts defend Jerusalem; defending also he will deliver it; and passing over he will preserve it." And that's exactly what he did.
  33. Jericho - Jericho is believed to be one of, if not the oldest inhabited cities in the world, the oldest known protective wall in the world and to have the oldest stone tower in the world as well, but that is not all.
  34. Lion’s Gate - This portal is named after a pair of ferocious-looking animal carvings that flank it. They are actually tigers, the heraldic symbol of the 13th-century Sultan Beybars. It is also called St. Stephen’s Gate, after the first Christian martyr, who tradition says was stoned nearby. Lion’s Gate, which leads to the Pools of Bethesda, the Via Dolorosa, and the markets, became famous during the Six Day War.
  35. Ben-Gurion’s Grave - David Ben-Gurion (1886-1973), Israel’s first prime minister, dreamed of settling the Negev and making the desert bloom. Practicing what he preached, after he retired he moved to the Negev and became a member of Kibbutz Sde Boker and a shepherd. The state of Israel fulfilled Ben-Gurion’s wish to be buried in the Negev he loved, rather than in Jerusalem like Israel’s other leaders. The tomb of David and Paula Ben Gurion, surrounded by a beautiful arid-land park, offers a breathtaking view of the Tsin Valley.
  36. Be’er Sheba - The capital of the Negev, the Old City, the university, the Turkish railway station, and the Bedouin market represent only a part of the colorful mosaic offered by the city of Be’er Sheba, a city full of life and proud of itself, as you will be told by any of its 185,000 inhabitants.
  37. Magdala - Magdala was the birthplace of Mary Magdalene, was a prosperous fishing village at the time Jesus was active in this region. The ruins of this Roman village is now enclosed within a wall. The archaeologists uncovered the remains of the village dating from the time of Jesus, and a Byzantine monastery.
  38. Old Cemetery Tiberias - Cemeteries aren’t usually at the top of a tourist’s itinerary, but the Old Cemetery in Tiberias is an exception. The ancient sacred burial ground, which is still in use, is said to be the site where the Sanhedrin (Supreme Court of Jewish law) will reemerge first before relocating to the Temple in Jerusalem. The cemetery dates back to Herod Antipas, son of Herod the Great, who built the city in 17 BCE.
  39. Dizengoff square - Dizengoff Square or Dizengoff Circus is an iconic public square in Tel Aviv, on the corner of Dizengoff Street, Reines Street and Pinsker Street. One of the city's main squares, it was built in 1934 and inaugurated in 1938. The square, built in 1934, was part of the original urban plan by Sir Patrick Geddes, and was designed by architect Genia Averbuch.
  40. Wokop Reading Bridge - Very often, some things seem to us so familiar and commonplace that we forget that they have their own history. Everyone who had been in Tel Aviv for sure visited the old port and know its history. Almost all who came here, most likely seen as the Yarkon river empties into the Mediterranean Sea.
  41. Israel’s Independence Hall - Independence Hall. The home of Zina and Meir Dizengoff – First Mayor of Tel Aviv, one of the first houses in Tel Aviv, was chosen to host the declaration of the state in 1948, and is now named Independence Hall and serves as an historical museum for the story of the declaration. The journey begins with Herzl, goes through the establishment of Tel Aviv and Dizengoff’s work, and ends in the Hall of the Declaration of Independence, with a complete reenactment of the exciting announcement in Ben-Gurion’s voice.
  42. Latrun – Police Station & Tank Museum - The Latrun Police Station was built on a strategic hilltop amid the foothills of Judea in the early 1940s, when the British ruled Israel. Today, the Latrun Police Station serves as a memorial site for all those who lost their lives fighting both for Israeli access to Jerusalem and for independence.
  43. Ben-Gurion House in Tel Aviv - One of the smallest museums and likely the most overlooked is Ben-Gurion House, a historic house museum at 17 Ben-Gurion Boulevard that served as an additional residence for Israel’s first prime minister, David Ben-Gurion. Visitors can see Ben-Gurion’s library, his family’s sleeping quarters and the study where he worked. Take a free guided tour of the house and learn about Ben-Gurion’s life work.
  44. Rabin Square & Memorial - Rabin Square (Kikar Rabin) is a large public plaza in Tel Aviv, Israel. Formerly called Israel Kings’ Square, it was renamed Rabin Square after Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who was assassinated there in 1995.
  45. Dizengoff Center - Dizengoff Center is a shopping mall at the intersection of Dizengoff Street and King George Street in Tel Aviv. The mall is named for Meir Dizengoff, the first mayor of Tel Aviv. Dizengoff Center, designed by Israeli architect Yitzhak Yashar, was Israel's first mall. The center was built on the site of the Nordiya neighborhood.
  46. Ramat Hanadiv – Memorial Garden - Situated at the southern end of Mount Carmel, between Zichron Ya’akov and Binyamina, Ramat Hanadiv is a memorial to Baron Edmond de Rothschild, a major benefactor of the modern state. At the Memorial Gardens, there are wheelchair-accessible pathways among a combination of formal European and Mediterranean-style plantings, pine and cypress groves surrounding the crypt of the baron and his wife.
  47. Monastery of St. Elias - A 12th century Greek-Orthodox monastery, on the side of the road from Jerusalem to Bethlehem. Built over the ruins of a Byzantine church, it serviced the pilgrimage route to Bethlehem.
  48. First Railway Station - The recently-opened, renovated and restored First Railway Station of Jerusalem, located in the Bakaa area of the city, is fast becoming a new center for culinary, leisure and cultural entertainment. Accessible and open to the public 7 days a week, the complex includes the restored station building, in the style of nineteenth-century European Templar architecture, a vast wooden deck for strolling and entertainment, temporary exhibitions and historic artifacts such as the original train wagons and locomotive.
  49. Kidron Valley - The Kidron Valley, a place of olive groves, ancient tombs and misnamed funerary monuments, divides Jerusalem’s Temple Mount from the Mount of Olives. Once a deep ravine channelling a seasonal stream, it provided a defensive border to the original City of David — and a route to the wilderness for King David when he fled from his rebellious son Absalom (2 Samuel 15:23).
  50. Mount Zion - Mount Zion, the highest point in ancient Jerusalem, is the broad hill south of the Old City’s Armenian Quarter. Also called Sion, its name in Old Testament times became projected into a metaphoric symbol for the whole city and the Promised Land.

1 Comment

Please leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.