Sepphoris, a ruined city 6.5 kilometers northwest of Nazareth, was the capital of the Galilee during the time of Jesus. Sepphoris was the home of Mary’s parents, Joachim and Anne (or Anna). During the 12th century the Crusaders built a huge Church of St Anna, possibly on the site of their home.
Sepphoris rose to prominence during the century before Christ because it overlooked two major highways. A mainly Jewish city, it was given its Hebrew name, Zippori, because it sits on a hilltop like a bird (zippor).
For more information, see Zippori.