This the largest ancient cistern in the Negev Highland area. It is dated to the Israelite Kingdom period (10th-6th Century BC). The site is located on the side of road #171, south of Mt. Hemet (Jabal Hammathiah), one of the mountains north of Makhtesh Ramon. Map.
The cistern system was constructed during the Israelite Kingdom period, 10th-6th Century BC, as part of the new wave of settlement in the Negev. The Bible writes about the Negev settlement and the construction of cisterns during the reign of King Uzziah (2 Chronicles 9 10): “Moreover Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem … Also he built towers in the desert, and digged many wells: for he had much cattle, both in the low country, and in the plains…”.